For more than 30 years, Steve Jobs has been struggling to explain the usefulness of computers to ordinary people. In an interview in 1985, he said the computer was the most exciting tool ever. It could be a tool for writing, communicating, simulating, planning or giving instructions.
But then computers were expensive and difficult to use. Now, in the first quarter of 2018, Apple shipped about 16 million units of its iPhone X in just three months, according to a study by the Strategy Analytics platform, making it one of the best-selling smartphones in the world.
Steve Jobs then had a vision of what he might become one day, but Jobs predicted many predictions in 1985 that were achieved except for one. Here are the predictions:
First: computers will be used in homes for fun
By 1985, Apple launched four computers:
- Apple I in 1976
- Apple II in 1977
- Lisa computer in 1983
The Macintosh was introduced in 1984, and these models were used primarily in offices for business accounts and school education. He then used the computer to prepare documents and do some routine work quickly, and there was no intention of using computers at leisure. The reasons for purchasing a home computer were to do some arithmetic or writing at home or to run educational programs for yourself or children. Jobs predicted that computers would be necessary in most homes.
In 1984, 8% of US households owned a home computer, according to the US Census Bureau, and by 2000 the figure had risen to 51% and by 2015 the figure had risen to 79%. In 2017, a CNBC poll showed that average US households owned two Apple products, and users spend much of their free time on social networks today or interacting with any technology, known as technology addiction.
Second, we will use computers to communicate with each other
Steve predicted then that computer users for out-of-work purposes such as communication will increase, and today the most pressing reason for most people is to buy a computer to connect to the Internet and communicate with others.
When Steve Jobs predicted computer communications in 1985, only four years later, Tim Burns began inventing a system called the WWW, followed by the development of the first Web page editor and browser for the Internet. By 1990, the first Web page was published.
The establishment of the long-term communications network for computers began decades ago as an academic research project called ARPANET, funded by the US Army. The platform became the foundation of the modern Internet. Engineers Vint Cerf and Bob Kahn began building new standards for the network called TC / IP. The platform turned to this standard on January 1, 1983, paving the way for an open global network.
Now, almost everything is connected to the Internet or on the way to it, the current trend towards Internet things has become a dominant area of technology companies.
Third: Computers will need a mouse
The first generations of computers did not work with the mouse. Before Apple introduced the Lisa and Macintosh computers (which showed the mouse and a graphical user interface), most commercially sold PCs needed instructions or commands written on the keyboard.
Of course, many of us consider using the mouse faster than using keyboards, especially when cutting, pasting, or selecting certain parts of the screen. Different graphical and visual interfaces such as windows and drop-down menus exist. This helps spread computers and use them by people who do not need special training. Ironically, Apple is adopting touch screens on iPhones and tablet PCs, which is one of the reasons for the founder’s vision of the mouse.
The only unfulfilled prophecy is as follows:
“The software will be competitive as the hardware will be monopolized”
In 1985, Jobs predicted that there would be a few hardware manufacturers, a large group of software companies, and found it wrong in this expectation, predicting that Apple and IBM will lead the computer manufacturers and only the whole focus will be On software and not hardware.
But the opposite is true. Microsoft maintained a strong grip on the computer software market in 1998, and doubts about its monopoly on the service have been raised, but some have confirmed its assistance in the technology boom. Apple’s MacOS software continues to compete with Microsoft and Google Chrome operating systems, IOS is competing with Android from Google, while manufacturers of desktop and laptop computers, including Samsung, Dell, Lenovo, Acer and HP, are struggling.