Just as obesity and weight gain are a problem that needs to be resolved and affect health, thinness may also be a problem for some people. Weight gain may become the dream of many people, including children. A thin, lean child may be exposed to other health risks because of thinness, So in this article, we will talk about how to treat thinness in children and help them reach healthy weight.
Causes of thinness in children
There are many factors that cause thinness and unusual weight loss. These factors include:
- Gastrointestinal diseases such as gastroesophageal reflux disease and inflammatory bowel disease, which cause vomiting, diarrhea, indigestion and heartburn, thus not taking advantage of the food being consumed.
- Genetic factors may play a role in the injury of the child is thin, meaning that if one or both parents or brothers are thin, the child may also be infected.
- Eating disorders such as anorexia nervosa, or causing self-vomiting after eating, may need these conditions for psychotherapy as well as medical treatment.
- Hyperthyroidism, a hormonal condition characterized by abnormally active thyroid gland, can lead to weight loss.
- Do not get enough food to build a baby’s body.
When is the child suffering from thinness?
According to the CDC, children with BMI values below the fifth percent of BMI growth charts for age are classified as underweight, meaning that each child’s weight is equal in length.
If the results show that the child is suffering from weight loss, consult his pediatrician, who will examine him and discuss the possible causes, and can put the food program and supplements he needs to restore his natural weight.
Treatment of thinness in children
It is very important before any step to determine the cause of injury to the child thin, and to perform tests and analysis necessary if there is a suspicion that the cause is one of the cases mentioned previously.
If the results result in the existence of a particular disease must be treated this situation first, if the treatment of the cause first, can then treat thinness later. If there is no problem and the reason is that the child does not have enough food, the treatment will be by providing a healthy and balanced diet program
Treatment of thinness in children aged 2 to 5 years
Having a healthy diet that guarantees the child the calories and nutritional values he needs is the best way to treat thinness. At this age, children need:
- At least five of a variety of vegetables and fruits every day.
- The meals should be based on potatoes, bread, rice, pasta, or other starchy carbohydrates.
- Legumes, eggs, meat, poultry, dairy, and other protein sources should be present in diets.
- Two pieces of fish every week, one of which must be greasy such as mackerel or salmon.
- Experts recommend that children aged 6 to 8 glasses of water and liquids should be treated every day.
- Young children need the energy of unsaturated fats, but the oils are preferred in small amounts in foods.
- Stay away from saturated fats, soft drinks, drinks and sugary foods, and reduce the whole grains as much as possible, because they contain the fiber that the child feels full quickly before he gets what he needs from the calories.
Thinness in children aged 6-12 years
Children aged six to twelve are still in the growth stage, which means they need energy, calories and nutrients also from a healthy and balanced diet. If there is a doubt that the child at this age is suffering from weight loss, it should be presented to the doctor who in turn can identify the possible causes.
Treatment of thinness in children aged 6-12 years
There are a number of tips and guidelines that should be followed to provide what the child needs at this age of nutrients, and help him to reach a healthy weight, including the following:
- Be the basis of meals of bread, pasta, rice, potatoes and other starchy carbohydrates, and choose whole grains whenever possible.
- Eat cereals, pulses, meats, fish, eggs, and other protein sources.
- Eat at least five parts of a variety of vegetables and fruits every day.
- The child must have two pieces of fish each week, one of which is fatty fish such as salmon or mackerel.
- Put unsaturated oils in foods in small quantities.
- Reduce foods and beverages that contain as much sugar, salt and fat as possible.
There are many different food systems for children, you can access them by browsing different web pages or follow the doctor in your city.